What is a Stroke?
Stroke, also known as Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA), occurs when there is a sudden or gradual interruption of the blood flow to a part of the brain resulting in a sudden loss of related neurological function.
This can lead to a range of deficits including changes in the level of consciousness as well as impairments of motor, cognitive, sensory and perceptual and language functions. However, it is to be noted that in order to classify it as a stroke, neurological deficits must persist for at least 24 hours. The goal of stroke rehabilitation is to help you relearn the skills you lost when a stroke affected a part of your brain. Stroke rehabilitation can help you regain independence and improve your quality of life. The major risk factors of stroke are – Hypertension, Heart disease, Disorders of heart rhythm, Diabetes mellitus, Congestive heart failure, Peripheral arterial disease, abnormal levels of blood lipids, Bad cholesterol, Smoking, and Alcohol. The term hemiplegia (one-sided paralysis of the body) is a common presentation, generally used to describe a variety of motor deficits that result from stroke.
Types of Strokes :
- Ischemic stroke
- Hemorrhagic stroke
- Transient Ischemic stroke
Understand the Early Warning Signs of Stroke:
- Sudden numbness or weakness on one side of the whole or part of the body including the face, arm or neck.
- Sudden Trouble in speaking and understanding.
- Sudden Trouble in one or both eyes in seeing.
- Sudden Lack of Balance or coordination and having a problem in walking.
- Severe Headache.
- Impairment of consciousness or memory.
- Remember FAST, an easy way to recognize a stroke:
F – Face Dropping
A – ArmWeakness
S – Speech difficulty
T – Time to call an ambulance or Emergency
Management at AktivHealth :
After a stroke, recovery depends on the brain’s ability to recognize its undamaged cells that can compensate for the loss of function. This is called Neuroplasticity. The human brain cannot grow new cells to replace the damaged ones.
The main focus of our Stroke rehabilitation is to train a stroke survivor to recognize the function loss of the side, restore the function and restore the ability to use both sides of his or her body again. Rehabilitation is targeted to regain strength and movement of the affected parts of the body, improving static as well as dynamic balance, maximizing functional independence in daily life activities. Physiotherapy or occupational therapy can provide expert practical guidance to help the stroke patient in recovery. Both therapies go hand-in-hand, helping the patient in building his or her confidence and developing skills to manage daily activities which are important for total well-being.
Our multidisciplinary stroke rehabilitation team includes doctors, neuro therapists, therapists for speech and language training and counselors to help in relieving psychosocial problems, etc.