Your muscles help you move and help your body function. Different types of muscles perform different jobs. With a sedentary lifestyle, the combination of poor muscular fitness and persistent bad posture causes many people to complain about tension in the neck-shoulder, in the head-neck and lower back regions.
Stress can add tension to this as well. Other causes of muscle pain, also called myofascial pain, are certain medicines, inflammation (e.g. myositis), nerve irritations that affect muscles and other conditions such as infections, etc.
- Fatigue – After extreme tiredness or exhaustion during a heavy workout the energy-absorbing capabilities of muscle get reduced, making them more susceptible to injury.
- Shortened Muscle – Forcibly stretching the muscle when it is in tight can lead to muscle damage.
- Overstretch/Overuse – Muscle tears can happen when a weak muscle is not able to cope up with the stress of the stretch that beyond its capacity or challenged with a sudden load.
- Electrolyte imbalance – If your blood test results indicate altered potassium, magnesium, sodium or calcium levels you may experience muscle injury.
- Swelling, bruising, or redness due to injury
- Pain at rest
- Inability to use the muscle at all
- Weakness of muscles and tendons
Management at AktivHealth:
An effective clinical examination can differentiate between muscle insufficiency, i.e. muscles that are too weak, and muscular imbalance. Muscular imbalance means that a pattern develops where some muscles become tense and shorter over time, while their opposing muscles, called antagonists, become weak.
In most cases, muscle pain can be treated very effectively by a combination of manual therapy and active training of the affected muscles. Because these muscle patterns have been ‘learned’ and engraved over time, it is important in therapy and in training to re-train these patterns and restore a normal natural muscular balance.