Sports Injuries

Different sports and exercises place different demands on the participants. With respect to this, a physical activity may extract a cost in the form of an activity-related injury. Such an injury can be broadly categorised into two types:

  • Sudden traumatic injury: This can occur as a result of an impact or sudden abnormal motion of a body segment due to faulty biomechanical action and faulty training.
  • Overuse injury: This happens as a result of overtraining, repetitive or excessive stress on bones or other connective tissues of the body.

Sports Specific Injuries:

Golf Injuries

Any individual with limitation in their movement or abnormal mechanics can be susceptible to injury.


  • Overuse
  • Limitation in functional movement
  • Muscular Imbalance
  • Poor swing Mechanics
  • Miss hits or Duffs
  • Poor conditioning
  • Incorrect Equipment

Specific golf-related issues that can emerge include:

  • Disc injuries
  • Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI) of the hip
  • Ligament injuries
  • Lower back pain/injuries
  • Muscle strain and sprains
  • Overuse injuries

Our Solution

At AktivOrtho, we have a comprehensive team of orthopaedic and sports medicine doctors, Sports therapists and TPI certified medical practitioners which will help you in diagnosis, management, rehabilitation and prevention of injury.

Our Golf Specific Rehabilitation program is conducted by a trained practitioner to identify strength and flexibility imbalances throughout your body and provide you with a customized exercise program that will identify how changing your body’s ability will improve your golf swing and minimize injury. We use all the information gathered to design a customized, golf-specific physical training program that will optimally strengthen and improve the physical characteristics necessary to swing a golf club properly. This program assists the process of achieving maximum distance, accuracy, control, and scoring potential and promotes injury prevention

Tennis related Injuries

Tennis can cause injury to many parts of the body due to the high speed on racquet impact, repetition and use of your spine, legs and especially your dominant arm. This can predispose you to a variety of shoulder, elbow, wrist, knee, ankle, hip and spine injuries. The best known tennis injury is tennis elbow.

Causes of Tennis Injuries

1. Lower limb (ankle, knee, and thigh) injuries are caused by-

  • Sprinting,
  • Stopping,
  • Pivoting,
  • Jarring and pounding nature of tennis.

Lower limb tennis injuries are acute (e.g. ankle sprain) or chronic (e.g. knee tendonitis).
2. Upper limb (elbow, shoulder, wrist, back )injuries are caused by

  • the high-velocity
  • repetitive arm movements required in tennis.

3. Back Injuries and Pain

3. Back Injuries and Pain

Common Badminton Injury

Badminton Injury does occur to a player when they are not properly warmed up or their techniques are not correct. It also happens when fatigue kicks in after playing or training for too long. Also there are times when you don’t really know what hit you.

Acute Badminton Injuries

    • Ankle Sprain
      This is a common badminton injury, usually accidental. It may occur when the athlete steps on his partner’s foot and land with a plantar flexed, inverted and supinated foot. Most sprains occur on the lateral ligament complex, a group of ligaments on the outside of the ankle. It will result in a painful swelling in the outer aspect of the ankle, usually causing a partial or total rupture of one or more ligaments.
    • Meniscus Tear
      Normally caused by a sudden twisting movement of the knee during footwork resulting in the tear of the meniscus. There will be pain in the joint-line of the knee, mild swelling and unable to flex or extend the leg in full. It may be having accompanying collateral or cruciate ligament injury.
    • Muscle Strain
      Sudden explosive loading of a muscle resulting in rapid contraction of muscle fibers like a sudden overhead smash. It may result in the disruption of muscle fibers and will cause muscle pain, swelling, bruising and lost of function (depending on severity) eg. Hamstring strain, gastrocnemius strain, adductor strain, quadratus lumborum/ lumbocostal strain.
    • Lateral Epicondylitis (Tennis Elbow)
      A chronic overuse injury due to repetitive backhand flicks, over tension of strings, change of grip size, poor recovery and stretching. It will result in pain in the lateral epicondyle and common extensor tendon.
    • Shoulder Injuries
      Very common in Badminton as this game involves a lot of overhead shots. Normally caused by problems or damage on the rotator cuff.
  • Patellar Tendonitis (Jumper’s Knee)
    A chronic overuse injury due to repetitive jumping on hard surface with poor footwear. There will be pain in the front of the knee ( just below the patella). It may seem resolved initially after warming up but it’ll be aggravated by a sudden increase in intensity and frequency of jumping. It may result in tendon rapture and may involve other structures: example plica, femoral condyle. Adequate rest is the best option of cure.
  • Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction
    A chronic low backache caused by anatomic anomaly, inadequate abdominal and lumbo-pelvic muscle control (core stability). It can be prevented with stability and coordination exercises of local and global muscles (abdomen, diaphragm, back pelvic floor and gluteal). Please refer to doctor for full evaluation on this badminton injury.
  • Cramps
    A sudden, tight and intense pain caused by a group of muscle locked in spasm due to excessive fluid loss, excessive heat gain, fatigue and inadequate muscle recovery and heredity. This badminton injury usually happens in the player’s leg area. Treatment should include straightening of the leg and gentle massage. Also drink as much fluid as you can in between intervals.
  • Blisters
    Fluid filled space under the skin caused by direct contact with hard surface. Occur mostly on the heels and toes and at times on the hands. It may lead to infection if untreated. Clean the area before pricking the blister to drain the fluid. Then leave the skin in place and cover with gauze.